R/S Struggles: Outcomes

Pargament, K. I., Smith, B. W., Koenig, H. G., & Perez, L. (1998). Patterns of positive and negative religious coping with major life stressors.  Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 37, 710-724. https://doi.org/10.2307/1388152

Pargament, K. I., Koenig, H. G., Tarakeswar, N., & Hahn, J. (2001).  Religious struggle as a predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients:  A 2-year longitudinal study.  Archives of Internal Medicine, 161, 1881-1885. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.161.15.1881

McConnell, K., Pargament, K. I., Ellison, C. G., & Flannelly, K. J.  (2006) Examining the links between spiritual struggles and symptoms of psychopathology in a national sample. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 1469-1484. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20325

Rosmarin, D.H., Pargament, K.I., Flannelly, K.J. (2009). Do spiritual struggles predict poorer physical/mental health among Jews? International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 19, 244-258. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508610903143503

Faigin, C. A., Pargament, K. I., & Abu-Raiya, H. (2014).  Spiritual struggles as a possible risk factor for addictive behaviors:  An initial empirical investigation.  International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 24, 201-214. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508619.2013.837661

Exline, J. J., Pargament, K. I., Grubbs, J. B., & Yali, A. M. (2014).  The Religious and Spiritual Struggles Scale: Development and initial validation. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 6, 208-222. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036465

Abu-Raiya, H., Pargament, K. I., Krause, N., & Ironson, G. (2015).  Robust links between religious/spiritual struggles, psychological distress, and well-being in a national sample of American adults.  American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 85, 65-575. https://doi.org/10.1037/ort0000084

Abu-Raiya, H., Pargament, K. I., Weissberger, A., & Exline, J. J. (2016). An empirical examination of religious/spiritual struggle among Israeli Jews. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 26(1), 61-79. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508619.2014.1003519

Sedlar, A.E., Stauner, N., Pargament, K.I., Exline, J.J., Grubbs, J.B., & Bradley, D.F. (2018). Spiritual struggles among atheists: Links to psychological distress and well-being.  Religions, 9, 242. https://doi.org/10:3390/rel9080242