Defining Religion and Spirituality

Pargament, K.I. (1992).  Of means and ends:  Religion and the search for significance. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 2, 201-229.
Zinnbauer, B. J., Pargament, K. et al.  (1997). Religion and spirituality: Unfuzzying the fuzzy. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 36, 549-564.
Zinnbauer, B. & Pargament, K. I (1999). The emerging meanings of religiousness and spirituality:  Problems and prospects. Journal of Personality, 67, 889-919.
Hill, P. C., & Pargament, K. I. (2003) Advances in the conceptualization and measurement of religion and spirituality:  Implications for physical and mental health research.  American Psychologist, 58, 64-74.
Pargament, K. I., & Mahoney, A. (2017). Spirituality: The search for the sacred. In C. R. Snyder, S. J. Lopez, L. Edwards, & S. C. Marques (Eds), Oxford handbook of positive psychology (3rd ed.) (pp. 1-27), New York: Oxford University Press.
Pargament, K. I., Mahoney, A., Exline, J. J., Jones, J., & Shafranske, E. (2013). Envisioning an integrative paradigm for the psychology of religion and spirituality. In K. I. Pargament (Ed.-in-Chief), J. Exline & J. Jones (Assoc. Eds.), APA handbooks in psychology: APA handbook of psychology, religion, and spirituality: Vol 1, Context, theory, and research (pp. 3-20). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.